NGĀ RATONGA ARBITRATION

Ko te whakataunga o nga tautohetohe a te aronga, he āhuahira hira no te whenua arumoni, ture hoki o te kāinga.

Ko te whāinga tuatahi o te aronga arumoni o nāianei ko te tika, te tohuāki, me te utu i te manawa tika o tētahi tautohetohe, i runga i te tikanga e rite ana ki te nui o te tautohetohe me te matatinitanga o ngā take e pā ana.

Hei whakarite kia tutuki taua whāinga i roto i te horopaki o te aronga o te kāinga, ka homai e te Pokapū Taumira Tautohe o Aotearoa (NZDRC) he awhe ratonga aronga hei whakatutuki i ngā hiahia me ngā whakaritenga a ngā rōpū arumoni, tae atu ki:

  • ad hoc arbitrations;
  • ngā aronga ā-iwi i raro i ngā Ture o AotearoaDRC; me
  • ko ngā aronga i raro i ngā ture ā-iwi 'ētahi atu'.
Ad hoc arbitration

Ko te aronga o Ad hoc e whakahaeretia ana i raro i te Ture Whakahaere 1996 e te rūnanga whakahaere, he iti noa iho te tirotiro ā-iwi me te tautoko i whakaratoa e NZDRC.

E tino hāngai ana tēnei ratonga ki ngā rōpū ki ngā tautohe tīariari:

  • Kua whakaae rātau ki te pānui i a rātau tautohetohe ki te aronga, ā, e hiahia ana ki te ngāwari ake ki te mahi i tā rātou ake tukanga kōrero kōrero me te wātaka i runga i te whakaaro ki te rūnanga whakawā; rānei
  • Ko ngā rōpū ki ngā takahanga mōhiotanga e hiahia ana ki te pānui i te take o aua takahanga kia whiwhi ai i te mahi ā-mahi, te wā me te utu tūturu, me te pupuri rānei i te matataputanga.
Ngā utu kua whakawhāititia

Hei whakarato i te mōhiotanga pūtea mō ngā rōpū (me ā rātou kaiārahi ā-ture) me te whakarite kia rite tonu te utu o tētahi aronga ad hoc e whakahaeretia ana i raro i ōna kōrero ki te nui o te tautohetohe, ka whakawhāititia ngā utu a te kaihautū i runga anō i te nui o te tautohetohe.

Tirotiro ā-iwi whāiti

Ko ngā taumahi me ngā mahi whāiti a NZDRC e pā ana ki ngā aronga ad hoc e mahia ana i raro i ōna kōrero, i waenganui i ētahi atu mea, i ētahi atu mea, i ētahi atu mea, i ngā mea katoa rānei e whai ake nei, pērā ki te hiahiatia:

  • Mā te whakarato i tētahi rārangi rārangi rārangi o nga kaiwhakahaere e taea ai e nga rōpū te tīpako i te rūnanga whakawā, e tonoa ai aua mea e nga rōpū;
  • Na te whakatū i nga mema o te rūnanga whakahaere i whakaae ai nga rōpū ki te kaitautapa i taua mahi ki AotearoaDRC;
  • mahi papā me ngā taki wātea o ngā kaitono ka taea te wāhui ki te rūnanga whakawā;
  • Ko te whakahaere pūtea o te aronga, tae atu ki te whakahaere utu e pā ana ki ngā utu me ngā utu o te rūnanga whakahaere, me te hoatu kaute ki nga rōpū me te rūnanga whakahaere mo taua mea;
  • Whakatau ana i ētahi atu wero Utu ka puta mai pea;
  • āta tirotiro me te whakaputa i ngā tohu whakawhiwhinga; me
  • whakarite ana i nga taonga rongo.
Aronga ā-rōpū - he aronga i raro i ngā Ture Whakahaere a NZDRC

Kua whakahaeretia katoatia tēnei ratonga whānui e te tohutohu tino mōhio o Aotearoa mai i te tukunga o te pānuitanga o te aronga ki te whakaputa i te whakawhiwhinga whakamutunga.

Kua hangaia e NZDRC tētahi huinga o ngā Ture Whakahaere e pakari ana, e mōhio ana, engari he auaha i roto i tā rātou huarahi arumoni ki ngā take uaua pēnei i te wāhui, te āwhina wā whawhai, ngā hātepe whakarewa, ngā hātepe whakarāpopoto mō te pana wawe o ngā kerēme me ngā waea, te hono, te whakatōpūtanga, ngā kirimana maha, te matatapu, te whakaaturanga, te takawaenga, ngā pono ā-iwi, ngā whakaaturanga tohunga, ngā tono, me ngā utu.

Ko te tikanga kia hoatu e ngā Ture ngā rōpū te kōwhiringa whānui me te kaha ki te whāngai i ngā hātepe whakahaere katoa e tika ana, he tohuāki, he utu tōtika, ā, māna e tuku urupare ōrite ki ngā nuinga o te tautohetohe me te matatinitanga o ngā take e pā ana. Ka homai e rātou he anga me ngā whakarato taipitopito hei whakarite i te taumira pai, utu tika hoki o ngā tautohetohe, ā, ka whakaritea mā tētahi tikanga māmā te whakamahi.

Ko te nuinga o te wā e tonoa ana tēnei ratonga ki ngā rōpū ki ngā kānataraki arumoni e hiahia ana ki te pānui i ngā tautohe, rerekētanga rānei e puta ake ana e pā ana ki aua kirimana, ki te aronga, ā, ko wai e hiahia ana ki te mahi ā-mahi, te wā me te utu tūturu i te wā o aua tautohetohe e puta mai ana. Ka tutuki tēnā mā te whakauru atu ki te Clause Tauira Arbitration o Aotearoa i roto i ngā kirimana arumoni i te wāhanga tauira.

Heoi anō, ka whakaaetia pea ngā Ture Whakahaere a NZDRC mā te whakaaetanga tuhituhi i ngā wā katoa i mua, i muri rānei i te putanga mai o tētahi tautohe, ā, ka whakaae ngā rōpū ki ngā tautohe tīariari ki te pānui i aua tautohe ki te whakahaere i ngā Ture Whakahaere a Aotearoa kia taea ai te whakaū i taua taumata o te mahi ā-mahi, te wā me te utu tūturu kāore i te wātea i ngā wā katoa ina noho noa iho i raro i ngā whakaritenga o te Ture Whakahaere.

Ka whakaae pea ngā rōpū ki tētahi tautohe tīariari kāore anō kia whakauru i te Clause Tauira o Aotearoa ki tētahi whakaaetanga o mua ki te pānui i taua tautohe ki te whakahaere i raro i ngā Ture Whakahaere o AotearoaDRC mā te waitohu i te Whakaaetanga Whakahaere i roto i te puka i kitea i Appendix 2 ki aua Ture.

Ngā utu kua whakawhāititia

Hei whakarato i te mōhiotanga pūtea mō ngā rōpū (me ā rātou kaiārahi ā-ture) me te whakarite kia rite tonu te utu o te aronga i raro i ngā Ture whakahaere a Aotearoa ki te nui o te tautohetohe, ka whakawhāititia ngā utu a te rūnanga whakahaere i runga anō i te nui o te tautohetohe.

Tirotiro ā-rōpū

E whakaaro ana a NZDRC he whare wānanga 'pā kōmā' a ia anō. He mana tōna i raro i ngā Ture hei whakangāwari i te tīmatatanga māia, tika hoki, me te whakahaere i tētahi āhuatanga e hiahiatia ana, e tika ana, engari, i a ia e pupuri ana i te tirotiro whakahaere me te tautoko puta noa, kei te rūnanga whakahaere te whanonga katoa o te whakahaere i roto i tōna kaupapa ture kia tāhuahua rā anō i tana whakawhiwhinga whakamutunga.

Ko ngā taumahi me ngā mahi whānui a NZDRC e pā ana ki ngā aronga e whakahaeretia ana i raro i tōna huinga Ture Whakahaere, i waenganui i ētahi atu mea:

  • te whakawhanake me te pupuri i tētahi huinga o ngā Ture Whakahaere e whakaata ana i te mahi tino pai o te kāinga, o te ao whānui hoki;
  • Te pupuri me te whakahaere i tētahi ratonga Rēhita mā ngā tari o ōna kaiwhakahaere me ngā Rēhita me tōna paetukutuku;
  • whiwhi me te tukatuka taupānga mō te aronga;
  • Ko te tīpakonga me te wāhuitanga o te rūnanga whakawā, tae atu ki te mahi i ngā taki papā me te wāteatanga o ngā kaitono hei wāhui ki te rūnanga whakawā;
  • tukatuka ana i ngā taupānga mō te āwhina wā whawhai me te whakatū i tētahi kaiwhakahaere anake, te whakahaere rānei i te arbitrator i raro i te tino wawe;
  • E whakatau ana i ētahi whakamātautau ki te rūnanga whakawā ā-iwi;
  • i roto i nga āhuatanga tika, e whakakore ana i te wāhuitanga o te kaiwhakahaere me te whakatū i tētahi kaiwhakahaere whakakapi;
  • whakahaere taupānga mō te hono;
  • Ko te whakahaere taupānga mō te whakatōpūtanga, tae atu ki te whakatau taupānga mō te whakatōpūtanga i mua i te kaupapa ture o te rūnanga whakahaere;
  • whakahaere ana i ngā taupānga mō ngā ine wā poto;
  • Mā te whakahaere i ngā taupānga mō te pāpāhotanga me te wāhuitanga o tētahi takawaenga ehara i te takawaenga e whakaae ana ngā rōpū ki te pāpāho i te wā o tētahi aronga;
  • Ko te whakahaere kēhi kei roto ko te takawaenga ki ngā tohutohu, ngā rōpū me ō rātou māngai whakamana i runga i te tukunga tika o ngā whakamōhiotanga, te aroturuki i ngā hōtaka me ngā rārangi wā mō ngā tukunga, te whakarite i ngā pūkenga rongo me ērā atu mea katoa e whakangāwari ana i te whanonga māeneene o te aronga;
  • Ko te whakahaere moni o te aronga, tae atu ki te whakahaere utu e pā ana ki ngā utu me ngā utu o te rūnanga whakahaere, me tētahi hēkeretari ā-rohe, me te hoatu kaute ki nga rōpū me te rūnanga whakahaere;
  • E whakatau ana i tētahi wero utu tino ātaahua tērā pea ka puta ake; me
  • Te tirotiro me te whakaputa i nga tohu whakawhiwhinga.

I roto i te aronga ad hoc e whakahaeretia ana i raro i nga kōrero a NZDRC, te rūnanga whakahaere, ehara i te kaimahi Rēhita o Aotearoa, ka mahi i ēnei taumahi me ngā mahi hei mahi i ētahi wāhui, te tirotiro me te whakaputa i ngā tohu, me te whakahaere pūtea o te aronga.

Ko te aronga i raro i ngā ture ā-rōpū 'ētahi atu'

Ka homai hoki e NZDRC ngā ratonga Rēhita me ngā ratonga whakahaere e pā ana ki ngā whakahaeretanga e whakahaeretia ana i raro i ngā ture a ētahi atu umanga ā-iwi, ahakoa i whakaritea i roto i te whakaaetanga whakahaere, i te wāhi rānei i whakaae ai ngā rōpū ki AotearoadRC e whakahaere ana i aua āhuatanga i muri mai i te tautohetohe e puta mai ana.

Whakapā atu koa ki tā mātou kaimahi Rēhita hei kōrerorero i te whānuitanga, te āhua me ngā utu e pā ana ki te whakarato i aua ratonga.

Ko ngā ratonga aronga a AotearoaDRC tuarua ki te kore

Ko AotearoaDRC te kaituku takitahi, ā-whenua o te taumira tautohe arumoni tūmataiti me ngā ratonga whakahaere papā i Aotearoa.

Ka homai hoki e NZDRC ngā ratonga taumira tautohe aowhānui mā te hinonga pātahi o Aotearoa International Arbitration Centre (NZIAC); Ka tukuna ngā ratonga taumira hanga tohunga me te hanganga mā te Rūnanga Tautohe Whare; Ka tukuna ngā ratonga taumira taumira whānau me ngā ratonga tautohe pātahitanga mā te Pokapū FDR; me ngā arotakenga takitahi, tōkeke hoki, me ngā tono ki ngā whakataunga me ngā manawa i mahia e ngā rōpū wāhanga tūmatanui, tūmataiti hoki me ngā tinana kāwanatanga i te whakamahinga o ō rātou mana ā-ture me ngā mahi mā te Mana Arotake Motuhake me te Mana Arotake (ICRA).

Mā tō tātau mōhiotanga whānui me tō tātau wheako e taea ai e tātau te whakanui i tētahi mōhiotanga whānui ki ngā hiahia o te iwi, ki te tuku tohutohu oro, ā-arumoni hoki mō ngā hātepe taumira tautohe me ngā kōwhiringa me ngā ratonga taumira tautohe auaha, tika hoki.

E arotahi ana mātou ki te whakamōhio me te whakaako i ngā rōpū me o rātau kaiārahi mō ngā tukanga taumira tautohe kia whakamōhiotia ai e rātou ngā whakataunga mō ngā kōwhiringa taumira tautohe e wātea ana ki a rātou.

Kua roa te whakaū a NZDRC hei kaiārahi i roto i te taumira tautohe tūmataiti i Aotearoa, ā, ko ēnei ratonga whakahaere tohunga e āhei ai a AotearoaDRC ki te tuku tonu i tētahi whakahere whakahaere karaehe o te ao e āta whakaritea ana kia tutuki ai ngā hiahia me ngā whakaritenga a ngā rōpū arumoni, ā, he tino hāngai ki te whakarite i te taumira o ngā tautohe arumoni i runga i te āhua tūmataiti, He māia, he utu tika, he mōhio hoki.

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