Taumira Tautohe IT

KAROHIA NGĀ PAPĀ ME TE WHAKAPAI AKE I TE TAUMIRA TAUTOHE MŌ Ō KAUPAPA IT
Whakapā maiHoatu Ināianei

He tohunga a NZDRC ki te whakarato i te whakahaere papā tika me ngā rongoā taumira tautohe mō tō umanga.

He tino nui te hononga pakihi me ngā hua momoho ki te umanga, pērā ki te hiahia ki te whakaiti i ngā tautohe ki ngā toa arumoni.  Ka taea e NZDRC te āwhina i a koe ki te whakaputa, kia pai ake hoki te whakahaere i ngā tautohetohe puta noa ina puta mai rātau.

I tēnei whārangi ka kitea e koe he mōhiohio ki:

WĀHANGA HANGARAU MŌHIOHIO

Kei te wheako tonu te wāhanga hangarau mōhiohio i te nui o te tupunga taupū. Kua whakanuia tēnei kunenga e te taiepa, me ngā rōpū wāhanga tūmataiti, tūmatanui hoki i raro i te pēhanga wawe ki te whakawātea i ngā pūnaha tīariari ki te kāinga me te mahi pūkoro. Kua whakatakotoria e tēnei ngā uaua tukunga tae atu ki te mahi i ngā pūnaha tawhito tawhito me tō rātou tika mō te whakamahi mamao.

Kua tākaro tēnei kunenga hei umanga o ngā momo katoa, ngā rahi me ngā wāhanga e neke ana ki te whakapau i ngā pūmanawa i aia nuitia, ā, ka utu i ngā hanganga kapua tōtika ki te aunoa, te pūnaha, te penapena, me te haumaru i ngā tauwhitinga raraunga taunaki kei waenganui i ngā tauira whakahaere.

Ka anga tonu ngā rōpū whakahaere ki ngā tono maha (e hāngai ana mai i ngā tūmanako taupori kiritaki, te aunoatanga mekameka putanga, te pānga o ngā ture kāwanatanga me te āta whakarongo, ki te horopaki tuma haumarutanga ā-ipurangi puta noa i te ao) ki te whakatutuki i ngā tūmanako me te tuku i ngā ratonga hangarau haumaru tapa-tapa.

Nā ngā take o runga ake nei i hiahia ai ki te whakamātau, ki te whakahau rānei i ngā hangarau hōu me te hanga me te whakatinana i roto i ngā tāpare wā kikī. Ko ngā huanga e pā ana ki te pūtea, te wā, te tukunga kounga, me te whakatutukitanga o ngā putanga huringa e taea ana te whārahi i te whakaritenga me te whakataunga whakahaere puta noa i te ao.

Ko te tauine me te tere o ngā kōkiri hangarau, i whakakotahitia ki te pēhanga ki te tuku kaupapa ki ngā rārangi wā kikī, ko te tikanga kei te kite te wāhanga i te nui o ngā tautohe papā me ngā tautohe whai kirimana puta noa.

UIUINGA ME TE PŪRONGO

I muri i te tānga o te Pūrongo Rōpū Tūtata Chaos 2015, nāna i kite ko te 29% anake o ngā kaupapa IT "kua whakaritea" i te tūtakinga o ngā tūmanako kaiwhakamahi, te NZIAC me te NZDRC me te tohunga take kaupapa me te NZIAC me te Mema  o te Pae Pāpāho o Aotearoa, o Gerard Doolin , i mahi rangahau whānui hei whakatau i ngā take matua e hāpai ana ki te mahinga o te papā me ngā tautohe i te wāhanga IT me tētahi tirohanga ki te whakawhanake i ngā whakahere tautohe pai ake E tino tutuki ana i nga hiahiatanga a te hunga whai pānga o te wāhanga IT katoa.

I whakaritea tēnei mahi mahi i runga i te whakaaro ki ngā umanga ao whānui, ā-whare, me ngā kaiāwhina ā-ture i ia rā i roto i ngā whakaritenga IT. Nā tērā whakaaro i hua ai tētahi Pūrongo Hukihuki i whakaputaina ki ngā kaiwhakautu kua tīpakohia me ētahi atu kaiwaiata āwhina mō te tākupu whakamutunga me te urupare.

I te tau 2019, i whakaputaina e mātou te Pūrongo Whakamutunga e huaina ana: Uiuinga Whakahaere Tautohe Wāhanga IT: Karo ana i te papā me te whakapiki i te taumira tautohe mō ngā Kaupapa IT –  Pāwhiri ki konei kia whiwhi tārua o te Pūrongo Whakamutunga (2019).

Kua hangaia e te Pūrongo Whakamutunga te pūtake mō te whanaketanga o te whakahaere papā kōrero me ngā whakahere taumira tautohe e whakatau ana i ngā take o te tukunga hē o te kaupapa IT, ā, māna e homai he huarahi whānui, whai tikanga, urupare hoki ki te whakahaere me te whakatau i te papā i roto i ngā kaupapa IT ina puta.

E rua nga wāhanga kai nga whakahere. Tuatahi, ko te ārai tautohe mā te kānataraki whakaharatau tino pai e tautuhi ana i ngā tukanga whakahaere tika (ngā Kōwae Kirimana). Tuarua, te whakahaere papā me ngā tukanga taumira tautohe me ngā hātepe i hoahoatia hei whakahaere i roto i tētahi tūāwhiotanga o ngā tukanga me te tino pai mō te whāinga kaupapa (whakahaeretanga papā me te taumira tautohe).

I hoahoatia ngā hātepe whakahaere papā hei whakahohe i ngā rōpū, e whakatau ana i roto i te wairua whirinaki tahi me te mahi tahi, ki te tāutu i ngā takahanga mōrearea me te whakauru ki te kōrero kia whakaae ki ngā hipanga hei karo, hei whakamauru rānei i te pānga o tētahi takahanga mōrearea.

E hāngai ana ngā hātepe taumira tautohe ki aua āhuatanga kāore e taea e ngā rōpū te whakatika i ngā take i waenganui i a rātau anō, ā, e hiahiatia ana te āwhina a tētahi hunga tuatoru kia whakarato i tētahi tukanga whakaritenga whakahaere (pāpāhotanga), tētahi manawa takitahi, here rānei o ngā take i roto i te tautohetohe (whakawāteatanga, aronga rānei).

NGĀ KŌWAE KIRIMANA

He tino nui te whai tukanga whakahaere kaupapa pūmanawa tōtika kia taea ai e tētahi kiritaki me te kaiwhakarato te mātaki i te mōrea, te pūrongo me te kōrerorero i te haerenga o te tukunga o tētahi rongoā pūmanawa, me te aroturuki me te whakatika i tētahi whakatakatanga mai i te hōtaka kaupapa kua whakaaetia me ngā here mahinga.

Nā reira, kua hangaia e mātou tētahi huinga o ngā Kōwae Kirimana ka taea te whakauru ki tētahi whanaketanga pūmanawa Agile (scrum), te whakatinanatanga me te kirimana kaupapa ratonga, i roto rānei i tētahi tauākī mahi (hōtaka rānei) ki tētahi whanaketanga pūmanawa Wai, te whakatinanatanga me te kirimana kaupapa ratonga. Ko te tikanga kei roto hoki i aua kirimana ko ngā whakaritenga matua e pā ana ki ngā mana ā-hinengaro, te matatapu, ngā mana whakamutunga me ngā tepenga taunaha me ngā aukatitanga rānei.

NGĀ KIRIMANA PŪMANAWA ME NGĀ RATONGA – WHAKAHAERE, WHAKAHAERE PAPĀ ME NGĀ WHITI TAUIRA TAUMIRA TAUTOHE 

PĀWHIRI KI KONEI HEI TIKI I TĒTAHI TĀRUA O NGĀ KŌWAE KIRIMANA

ME PĒHEA E TAEA AI TE HOATU?

Ko te tikanga kia tāpiri ēnei Kōwae Kirimana i te whanaketanga pūmanawa paerewa me ngā tikanga whakahaere whakatinanatanga ki tētahi anga ahurei me ngā whakarato taipitopito mō te whakahaere me te taumira o ngā take hē me ngā tautohe kirimana rānei.

Kua whakaritea ngā Kōwae Kirimana ki te reo Ingarihi tōkau, ā, ka arotahi ki te whakamāurutanga mōrearea. E hāngai ana ngā Kōwae Kirimana ki te whakarite i te taumira o te hē, ngā tautohe kirimana rānei i runga i te āhua tūmataiti, māia, utu-utu, me ētahi.

Ko ngā whakarato e tohu ana i te mahi tino pai o nāianei, ā, ka whakaaetia, ka whakakētia rānei ngā whakaritenga whakahaere, wāhanga rānei kia hāngai ki ngā whakaritenga tauwhāiti o tētahi whanaketanga pūmanawa, whakatinanatanga, me te kaupapa ratonga.

Me tino whakaaetia ngā whakaritenga taumira papā me ngā whakarato taumira tautohe ki te kore he papā ki te ture whakahaere, ki ngā whakarerekētanga whakahau rānei kāore e whakaaetia ana ngā rōpū ki te whakakore.

Te whakahaere papā me te taumira tautohe

E whakahaeretia ana te whakahaere papā ki ngā rōpū e tāutu ana, e whakamōhio ana i a rātou i te wā tata rawa o tētahi take, takahanga rānei e pā ana ki te kaunuku, te utu, te whakaotinga, me te whakaiti rānei i te mahinga me te kounga rānei o te kaupapa (he takahanga mōrearea), me te whakauru ki te kōrero ki te whakaaro me te whakaae ki ngā hipanga e hiahiatia ana hei karo, hei whakamauru rānei i te pānga o te takahanga mōrearea , ā, ki te tika, whakaae ki te utu, ki ētahi atu tūnga arumoni rānei kua whakaritea.

Ko te take o te pāpāhotanga ko te whakarato i tētahi tukanga ōpaki o te whakaritenga whakahaere, he wātaka, he hanganga ā-mahi, he hihiri hoki e kore ai te whakaritenga ngāwari. Ko te ahanoa o te pāpāhotanga ko te whakahohe me te whakamana i ngā rōpū kia whakaritea, kia tere hoki te whakatika i tētahi tautohe, kia pai te utu, me te muna ki te āwhina a tētahi takawaenga, kaua e whakatau i a rātou e tētahi kaiwhakahaere, kaiwhakahaere, kaiwhakawā rānei.

Ko te take o te whakawāteatanga ko te whakatau i tētahi tautohe i runga i te āhua tika, te tohuāki, te utu tika, me te ōrite ki te nui o te tautohetohe me te matatinitanga o ngā take e pā ana ki roto i te 35 rā mahi. E herea ana te manawa o te kaiwhakahaere ki nga rōpū (kore, kia whakatauria rā anō te tautohetohe e te aronga, ngā takahanga ture i tētahi kōti, i te rūnanga rānei, i te whakaaetanga whai ake rānei i waenganui i nga rōpū).

Me tino whakaaetia ngā whakaritenga taumira papā me ngā whakarato taumira tautohe ki te kore he papā ki te ture whakahaere, ki ngā whakarerekētanga whakahau rānei kāore e whakaaetia ana ngā rōpū ki te whakakore.

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